Top 10 food preservation techniques from then to now –

Restaurants worldwide use various techniques to preserve food depending on factors like the ingredient, the climate, taste required, etc.  Our ancestors have used various preservation techniques like canning, drying, pickling and many more, which are still being used in today’s modern world. Let’s have a sneak peek at the top 10 food preservation techniques ranging from ancient methods to the modern day of food preservation.

Ancient techniques

There are various ancient techniques which are still useful in today’s world. Food preservation of the olden times most commonly used salt, oil, sugar among many other basic ingredients for preservation. It is also quite often said that these methods preserve food longer in comparison to present-day techniques.

Drying

Drying is a technique carried from the ancient times till now and it involves removing the moisture from the food until there is no moisture enough to breed microbes. It is mostly done for preserving certain vegetables, fruits, meats and many more. It can be done in various methods ranging from simple to using heavy equipment.

Fermenting

This method involves producing ‘good bacteria’ to inhibit the ‘bad bacteria’ from breeding. Fermenting is usually done on fruits (like grapes to produce wine), meat (like cured sausage, dairy products (like producing yoghurt). Although the method seems easy, it involves paying attention at different levels for different products.

Pickling

Pickling involves soaking meat, vegetables, or fruits and the like in a solution made of oils, salt, acid etc. The process can be tedious as it involves making the solution in the right concentration as well as taking good care of the product once it’s pickled. This method is usually combined with other methods like fermenting, canning, or refrigerating as pickling alone may not work out.

Pickled cucumbers!

 

Dry salting

This method involves covering food in a very high concentration of salt. This method is one of the earliest forms of food preservation and is also considered tastier and fresher when compared to canning. Salted vegetables and meat were highly used during the 20th

Cellaring

This method is also one of the earliest forms of preserving wherein the food is stored under specific conditions like high humidity and a light- controlled space. Many grains, nuts, vegetables etc. have been stored in this way across the world. It is also one of the easiest methods of preservation.

Cellared wine!

Although there are plenty of ancient techniques used in food preservation, hotels these days prefer the modern and easier techniques.

Refrigeration and freezing

This is the most commonly used among the top 10 food preservation techniques. Refrigeration helps in slowing down the process of bacterial breeding while freezing helps in completely cancelling the process. Almost all kinds of foods are frozen except fruits, unless for specific requirements or recipes.

Freeze drying

Freeze drying is much more intense than normal freezing and does not affect the taste as such. This technique helps in removing the moisture completely from the food by turning it into ice first and then into vapour. This is widely used in making instant coffee.

Carbonated water

This method is usually used for the preservation of carbonated drinks, as the name suggests. Carbonated water is nothing but carbon dioxide dissolved in water under pressure. The oxygen is completely eliminated from the water so that no microbial growth is encouraged.

Chemical food preservation

This is the most common method of food preservation and is also considered unhealthy to a certain extent. Even though, it is widely practised as it is much more economical and it also helps in preserving the food longer. Chemical preserves either eliminate or slow down bacterial activity or function as antioxidants.

Preserved jam!

Food irradiation

This is one of the latest methods of food preservation and it uses gamma radiation to kill bacteria. Food in packets is usually nuclear radiated and then sealed airtight. However, this method is not widely practised due to its expense.

Although new methods of preservation are coming up, very few countries have adopted it. India, in specific, still uses the conventional methods of preservation.

If you have enjoyed this article on the top 10 food preservation techniques, do not forget to follow our social media sites. Also, subscribe to Masala Box to relish meals specially prepared with locally grown ingredients NOW!

 

 

Author: Neeta Vijaykumar

Getting homemade food delivered is no longer a feat impossible to be achieved! With a popular demand for homemade food due to a fast-paced world, many entrepreneurs have ventured out in the business. Although the market may not seem like a virgin market, there is a growing market in the food industry. Masala Box was founded by Harsha Thachery in the year 2014, and ever since its inception, we have taken the traditional homemade meals delivery service to the online platform. This has been achieved by using cutting-edge technology in the form of a website and an app (available for both iOS and Android). We have also been constantly trying to achieve our online presence since then and is still trying to grow our online market. Speaking of our business, we leverage a network of home chefs who use the finest ingredients to prepare our food. This food is then packaged by them which is further collected by our delivery executives to deliver it to our customers. Home chefs are the most underutilized resources of the country, hence Masala Box empowers them by employing them as our chef partners. These home chefs reap the benefits of making income from a daily chore, as well as getting a platform to be recognised as a home chef. Masala Box also aims at promoting the concept of getting back to our roots through healthy and homemade food. With the intent to spread the goodness of homely food, Masala Box aims at giving 100% homemade food by ensuring that no additives or preservatives are added in our food, hence retaining the health- factor.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *