Biryani, a timeless gourmet classic is probably one of the most popular delicacies in India. While it is believed that the Mughals first introduced biryani in North India, it is the Arabs who brought its flavours to the South of India. Almost every region in India has its own aromatic and flavoursome version of this dish with a vegetarian version that’s equally popular in Indian homes, especially in North India.
The delicious blend of spices, flavours and aromas in a biryani perhaps epitomises what Indian cooking and culinary traditions are all about. Here’s a list of just some of the many variants of famous biryanis cooked across the country.
While in most biryanis the flavoured meat takes centre stage, in the layered Hyderabadi biryani, the aromatic saffron flavoured rice is given prominence. Cooked in “dum” style, it is an amalgamation of Mughal and Andhra flavours.
This biryani is traditionally made in northern Kerala with a unique variety of rice called Khyma rice. The gravy with meat is cooked separately from the rice and combined at the end. Not too spicy, what sets it apart is the use of dry fruits such as cashew nuts and raisins.
Also, known as Awadhi Biryani and based on the Persian style of cooking, the meat and gravy are partially cooked and layered with rice. It is then cooked in dum pukht style in a sealed handi.
This version of biryani has perhaps evolved from the Awadhi style. What makes it unique is the lighter spice content, distinct flavour and yellowish colour.
This biryani is quite spicy and flavoursome. What lends to its uniqueness is the fact that the meat curry is made with a lot of yoghurts.
A very unique preparation from Tamil Nadu, this biryani is perhaps nothing like the other biryanis you get across India. It exudes subtle flavours of mint leaves and garam masala. Basmati or the seeraga samba rice is used for this preparation.
This biryani originated from the Nawayath Muslim community in Bhatkal, Karnataka. Onions and green chilli are liberally used in this preparation.
Biryanis are such an integral part of the Indian palate! Hence, the above is not an exhaustive list of biryanis that you would encounter as you travel the length and breadth of this country. One is sure to find some hidden gems from kitchens across India. Got such a unique recipe to share? Then do write to us. We’d love to hear from you!
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